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The Classroom Bookshelf
Inside The Classroom Bookshelf

A Splash of Red: The Life and Art of Horace Pippin

Written by Jen Bryant, Illustrated by Melissa Sweet
Published by Alfred A. Knopf
ISBN: 978-0-375-86712-5


Grades 1-5
Book Review
“Horace loved to draw. He loved the feel of the charcoal as it slid across the floor. He loved looking at something in the room and making it come alive again in front of him.” Jen Bryant’s picture book biography, A Splash of Red,  describes the life of self-taught painter, Horace Pippin, who found inspiration from memories, stories, everyday life, and hardship. Beginning with his childhood, A Splash of Red gives readers a chronological account of Pippin’s life including his service in World War I and the impact of getting shot during battle on his life as an artist. What readers walk away with most is not Pippin’s art itself, but rather, the sense of perseverance and commitment he demonstrated throughout his life. The book reminds readers young or old that being curious about and observant of the world are characteristics worth valuing. Melissa Sweet’s illustrations urge us to wonder and dream as we move in and out of bold, bright colors, darkness, landscape scenes, and close-ups of Pippin himself. Jen Bryant and Melissa Sweet are a dynamic writing-artist team who captured readers with A River of Words: The Story of William Carlos Williams, a Caldecott Honor winner. In A Splash of Red they have done it again. An author’s note provides additional information about Horace Pippin’s life and the research conducted by both the author and the illustrator to portray it. 
Teaching Ideas and Invitations
  • Theme Study: Perseverance. Read aloud A Splash of Red to the whole class, and have students identify moments in the text where Horace shows the determination to create despite great challenges. Consider having students create timelines of Pippin’s life. Where are there moments of great struggle? Where are there moments of success? In what ways do other people in his life impact his journey as an artist? Create a duet text set by comparing how Pippin demonstrates perseverance with how Helen Keller does in her life using Annie and Helen and Helen’s Big World. Using both the words and the illustrations, support students to closely read and provide text evidence for their ideas. Then, have students think about their own lives. When have they persevered? What were their obstacles? How did they overcome them? Who supported them? 
  • Words to Live By. Throughout the story there are quotes by Horace Pippin. They are also sourced in the back of the book:
    •  “Pictures just come to my mind…and I tell my heart to go ahead.”
    • “I can never forget suffering and I will never forget sunset. I came home with all of it in my mind.”
    • “If a man knows nothing but hard times, he will paint them, for he must be true to himself.”
    • “I go over that picture in my mind several times and when I am ready to paint it, I have all the details I need.”
Have students choose one of Horace’s “words to live by” and explain why the quote is powerful for them. Students could then research quotes that have similar messages or messages that resonate with their own lives. Students could create their own “Words to Live By” notebooks or they could add them to a class bulletin board or compile them in a shared online site like Tumblr and comment on each other’s choices.
  • The Power of Pictures. This book has powerful pictures about an artist whose work had powerful messages. As such, this book invites us to illustration study. First, have students choose one of the illustrations in the story to closely read. When we closely read, we reread with purpose. Begin by having students describe what’s happening in the picture. Then, have students reread for what is important in the picture. What is the artist centering and for what reasons? Finally, have students reread for interpretation. Encourage students to notice the illustrators’ techniques. What choices did Melissa Sweet make about colors, lines, and the space of the page? How do her choices add to the story and convey an idea about Horace Pippin? After closely reading the images in the text, have students closely read one of Horace Pippin’s paintings using the same process (gist, importance, interpretation). What do they notice about the subjects he paints, what he centers, and how he uses colors, lines, and the space of the canvas? The book is titled A Splash of Red. Where do we see red in Pippin’s work? What impact does it make?
  • Thinking in Pictures. As he walked the streets of his hometown, Pippin drew the colors and textures he saw: lacy white curtains, red geraniums, a yellow cat sprinting down an alley, green vines spiraling up a wall. Take a walk around the neighborhood with your students. Give them colored pencils, drawing paper, and clipboards and have them use drawings and words to capture the colors and textures that pop out at them. Then, have them share their thinking about what they captured. Where do they find beauty in their walk? Use the prompt I observe to help them write about their close observations of the world.  
  • Living the Life of a Researcher. When collaborating to write and illustrate the book, Jen Bryant and Melissa Sweet researched the life and art of Horace Pippin together. They drove through the back roads of eastern Pennsylvania where he was from. They spoke to curators who knew his work. They looked at his paintings and burnt-wood panels and visited his home. Support students to consider topics they are interested in and want to research within their own local communities. Help them brainstorm topics. Are there historical figures from their home area? Are there local leaders (both official and unofficial) within the community they can research and write about? Where can you go to find out more? Who can you talk to? How do your students want to share their research with the world? With K-3 classrooms this is often done best as a shared research project. With upper elementary school students, you may be able to then support them with individual or paired research projects.
  • Picture Book Biographies of Artists. Form small groups of students to read about the lives of particular artists in a collaborative artist study. Gather together a collection of picture book biographies of artists such as Dave, the PotterMarceau and Matisse, and  Georgia O’Keefe (see the listing in our entry on Diego Rivera: His World and Ours and the text suggestions below for further suggestions). Read the books with your students and closely examine the choices that the biographers have made about text and illustration. Which aspects of their subjects’ lives have the authors and illustrators chosen to highlight? Do they focus more on the childhood or adult life of the artist? How are the artists’ mentors, inspirations, commitments, and styles presented? When examining the illustrations, discuss how the art of the picture book biography enhances the readers’ understandings of the artists’ lives and work. You might find it particularly interesting to note how the artists’ works are depicted in the book. Are they reproductions of the actual works or are they illustrators’ representations? Support students to draw, paint, or photograph in the style of their favorite artist from your shared study. 
  • Author/Illustrator Study: The author/illustrator relationship can be a powerful one. The author has to trust the illustrator to tell their story in pictures. Jen Bryant and Melissa Sweet have worked together and separately to create some of the most compelling contemporary picture books in the last few years. Conduct an author/illustrator study of their work. Compare and contrast the books they have created together with books they have created with others. Students could work in pairs to become author/illustrator partners and create a shared story. How does their collaboration create something better than what they could have created alone?
Critical Literacy
  • Complexity of War.  Horace decides at the start of World War I that he would serve his country and fight in France. In the book we see images of war such as the American flag, a fighter plane, bombs firing, barbed wire fences, and Pippin getting shot. Have students discuss how war impacted Pippin’s life trajectory. There are several other picture books on the topic of war that help students build an understanding of the complexity of war from multiple perspectives. My Big Brother by Miriam Cohen tells the story of a big brother going off to war to pay for college. When the Horses Ride By by Eloise Greenfield is a collection of poems about different wars over time and their impact on the lives of children. The Librarian of Basra by Jeanette Winters tells the story of a librarian in Iraq who saves thousands of books from being destroyed during the Iraq War. Reading across these books, have students explain the point of view the author has taken on the topic of war. Whose story is told? What is their perspective of war? How does war impact each of the characters’ life trajectories? Reading across these books, what are the multiple perspectives people have about war based on their lived experience?
  • Diversity in the Art World. Horace Pippin was an African American artist. When we survey famous works of art, we do not see many artists of color or representations of people of color. Consider as part of an artist study having students problematize the lack of diversity in famous works of art. Consider building a collection of books about artists of color to highlight the important works of artists from various races, ethnicities, and genders. In addition, Horace Pippin is considered a “folk” or “naïve” artist which both elevated and segregated his work. Consider having students research how works of art are categorized and valued in different ways by viewing works of art online from different cultural institutions such as The American Folk Art Museum and The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Further Explorations
 
Online Resources
A Splash of Red official website: 
http://asplashofredbook.com/
Explore PA History site on Horace Pippin:
A brief biography of Horace Pippin:
New York Times articles on Horace Pippin’s Work:

Jen Bryant’s website:

http://www.jenbryant.com/

 

Melissa Sweet’s website:

http://melissasweet.net


Books
Books about/inspired by artists:
Elachner, G. (2012). The Cat and the Bird: A Children’s Book Inspired by Paul KleeNY: Prestel Publishing.
 
Markel, M. (2012). The Fantastic Jungles of Henri RousseauNew York, NY: Eerdmans Books for Young Readers. 

Massenot, V. (2011). Journey on a Cloud: A Children’s Book Inspired by Marc Chagall

Parker, M. B. (2012). Colorful Dreamer: The Story of Artist Henri MatisseBooks.
 
Tord, B. (1999).  A Bird or Two: A Story About Henri MatisseNew York, NY: Eerdmans Books for Young Readers.
 

Venezia, M. Getting to Know the World’s Greatest Artists series.


Visconti, G. & Landmann, B. (2000). The Genius of Leonardo. New York, NY: Barefoot Books.

Waldman, N. (1999). The Starry Night. Honesdale, PA: Caroline House.

 
Katie Cunningham About Katie Cunningham

Katie is an associate professor of literacy at Manhattanville College. Her work focuses on children’s literature, literacy methods, and literacy leadership. Katie is the author of Story: Still the Heart of Literacy Learning and co-author of Literacy Leadership in Changing Schools. She is passionate about the power of stories to transform lives.

Comments

  1. Wow – Katie, I arrive here through the new GROG blog coordinator & school librarian, Todd Burleson.
    Your review/visit/lesson for Jen & Melissa's fabulous biography is nothing short of spectacular. Thank you.

    Jan Godown Annino
    Bookseedstudio