The Classroom Bookshelf
Inside The Classroom Bookshelf

All the Way to America

All the Way to America: The Story of a Big Italian Family and a Little Shovel 
Written and Illustrated by Dan Yaccarino
Alfred Knopf Publishers
ISBN 978-0-375-86642-5
Grades K-4
Book Review
There are plenty of picture books, both fiction and nonfiction, which address the period of European immigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Many are written for the intermediate and middle grades, those most likely to study this time and the common experiences of immigration:  the desperate boat ride across the Atlantic, the trials and tribulations of Ellis Island, and the arrival in Lower Manhattan. But Dan Yaccarino’s latest is written for a younger audience; many first and second graders could read it independently, although it works beautifully as a read aloud as well. Furthermore, it differentiates itself from previously published books by acknowledging the challenges of the journey while instead showcasing the urban communities created by newly-arrived immigrants and celebrating extended family and hard work.  On the first two-page spread, Yaccarino introduces his ancestors with a palate of blue, green, and clay brown. Throughout, family members are distinguished from others by the blues and greens in their clothing. A little shovel is handed down throughout the 20th century, from the immigrant Michael, a baker and pushcart peddler, to Dan, the grocer and restaurateur, Mike, the barber, Dan, the author-illustrator, and finally, his son Michael, a child growing up in contemporary Manhattan. This shovel, a gift from the first Michael’s parents back on the farm in Sorrento, Italy, not only does its functional duty for all the Michaels and Dans as they learn their new occupations; it also serves as an important symbol of the advice imparted to the first Michael before he left Italy:  “Work hard. But remember to enjoy life. And never forget your family.”


Teaching Invitations
Grades K-2
  • Family Objects. In Dan Yaccarino’s family, the shovel is a cherished heirloom. Read across some other texts that feature an immigrant bringing a cherished object to America. Next, have students discuss objects in their family that are important. What makes the object special? Did someone in the family make it? Did it come from somewhere special? Have students write a family story associated with the object, or the story of how they got it. Next, have them email you a digital photo of them with the special object. Use the narratives and photos to create a display in the hall or create a virtual museum online.
  • Exploring the End Pages. Yaccarino created unique end pages for this book. The first pair of end pages contain a map tracing his great-grandfather’s journey from Sorrento, Italy to New York. The end pages at the back of the book are illustrated family portraits, snapshots of his family over time. On one bulletin board, mark on a world map all the places that represent the cultural and ethnic heritages of your students’ ancestors. On another bulletin, have each student bring in two pictures, one of their family now, and one of family members in the past.
  • Dan Yaccarino’s Immigration Blog. Share your family story with Dan Yaccarino! You’ll find his All the Way to America blog in the Further Explorations section below. 
Grades 3-4
  • Family History. As a class, have students think about questions that they would want to ask Dan Yaccarino’s ancestors about their experiences. Use those questions to create general questions that your students could ask their parents, aunts, uncles, or grandparents. If family members aren’t available, perhaps elderly neighbors are. Students may want to record those interviews on smartphones or iPad2s. Have each student write a narrative based on the interview, and use either photographs or their own original creations as illustrations.
  • Food and Community. Many immigrants open restaurants in the United States, as a way to share their culture, feed other members of their immigrant community, and preserve the food traditions with which they were raised. The author’s great-grandfather worked at an Italian bakery and as a pushcart peddler selling nuts. His son ran a market and a restaurant. Bring in menus from different restaurants in your community. How many different nations are represented? Are there other nations represented in the food within the menu? Have one or two local restaurant owners and/or chefs come in to class to discuss  what inspires him/he to create the dishes on the menu.
Critical Literacy
  • Coming to America. Adjusting to life in America was probably very difficult for the first Michael Yaccarino. Yet, the book does not reveal those challenges, and instead focuses on the ways in which the family moved from Little Italy in Manhattan, to the suburbs, and back to the city. Read Betsey Maestro’s The Story of Immigration, Russell Freedman’s Immigrant Kids, Raymond Bial’s Tenement or Deborah Hopkinson’s Shutting Out the Sky to see what specific challenges Italian immigrants, and others coming through Ellis Island at that time, might have faced at the turn of the 20th century.   Ultimately, what is included and excluded? As a writer, what are some of the reasons why Yaccarino might have chosen to leave some of those challenges out? Was it because of the audience he was trying to reach?


Further Explorations
Online Resources

Dan Yaccarino’s Website
http://www.danyaccarino.com/ys/

Dan Yaccarino’s Immigration Blog
http://allthewaytoamericablog.blogspot.com/

The Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation Statue of Liberty Page
http://www.statueofliberty.org/Statue_of_Liberty.html

The Statue of Liberty National Park
http://www.nps.gov/stli/

Earth Cam View of the Statue of Liberty
http://www.earthcam.com/usa/newyork/statueofliberty/

Ellis Island National Park
http://www.nps.gov/elis/

Ellis Island (Non-profit associated with Ellis Island)
http://www.ellisisland.org/genealogy/ellis_island.asp

The History Channel
http://www.history.com/minisites/ellisisland/

Angel Island
http://www.angelisland.com/united_states_immigration_station/index.php

Angel Island Oral Histories
http://www.angel-island.com/

Library of Congress: Immigration Resources for Teachers
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/themes/immigration/#

Digital History
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/ethnic_am.cfm

The Lower East Side Tenement Museum
http://www.tenement.org/

New York Public Library Immigration Images
http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/dgkeysearchresult.cfm?keyword=immigration



Books
Historic Immigration: Ellis Island and Angel Island
Bartone, E. (1993). Peppe the lamplighter. Ill. by T. Lewin. New York: Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Books.
  • Set in Little Italy, New York, during the early 20th century, this fictional story highlights the struggle an immigrant father feels when his son takes a job as a lamplighter in his neighborhood.
Bial, R. (2009). Ellis Island: Coming to the land of liberty. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • A photoessay of Ellis Island, its history, and the process immigrants experienced upon arrival.
Bial, R. (2002). Tenement: Immigrant life on the Lower East Side. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company
  • A photoessay of the Lower East Side Tenement Museum, which chronicles the experiences of some of the immigrants who lived at 97 Orchard Street in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Bunting, Eve. (1999). A picnic in October. Ill. by N. Carpenter. New York: Harcourt Brace & Company.
  • In this fictional picture book, the protagonist finally understands why his Italian-Amerian family celebrates the birthday of the Statue of Liberty each year.
Currier, K.S. (2005). Kai’s journey to Gold Mountain: An Angel Island story. Angel Island Press: San Francisco.
  • Kai must travel alone from China to the United States, becoming the fourth generation to make the trip; when he is told he must stay at Angel Island, he worries he may never join his father, an American citizen, in nearby San Francisco.
Freedman, R. (1980). Immigrant kids. New York: Scholastic.
  • This nonfiction book chronicles the different ways that immigrant children worked, played, and went to school in New York City in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Glaser, Linda. (2010). Emma’s poem: The voice of the Statue of Liberty. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Books for Children.
  • This nonfiction picture book tells of how Emma Lazarus, who grew up in a wealthy Jewish-American family in the late 19th century, was inspired to write the poem that became the inscription on the Statue of Liberty.

Hopkinson, D. (2005). Shutting Out the Sky: Life in the Tenements of New York 1880-1924. New York: Orchard Books. 

  • This nonfiction chapter book follows the lives of five immigrants who arrived in New York during the period explored. The book is arranged, not according to their lives, but by the chronology of their experiences as immigrants adjusting to life in America.
Maestro, B. (1996). Coming to America: The story of immigration. Ill. by S. Ryan. New York: Scholastic, Inc..
  • This nonfiction picture book provides an overview of immigration history in the United States as well as specific information about the period of European immigration in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Mortenson, L. (2009). Angel Island. Ill. by M. Skeens.  Minneapolis, MN: Picture Window Books.
  • A nonfiction picture book on Angel Island, the immigrant processing center in San Francisco Bay.
Mortenson, L. (2009). Ellis Island. Ill. by M. Skeens.  Minneapolis, MN: Picture Window Books.
  • A nonfiction picture book on Ellis Island, the immigrant processing center in New York Harbor.
Polacco, P. (1998). The keeping quilt. New York: Simon and Shuster.
  • Like the Yaccarino family shovel, a homemade quilt, made from the clothing ancestors wore to America,  in this fictionalized memoir is shared across generations.
Rappaport, D. (2008). Lady Liberty: A biography. Cambridge, MA: Candlewick Press.
  • This multi-genre picture book consists of historical fiction verse vignettes featuring different perspectives on the construction of the Statue of Liberty.
Tarbesca, E. (1998). Annushka’s voyage. Ill.  by L. Dabcovich. New York: Clarion Books.
  • Instead of a shovel, this fictional picture book, based on family history, showcases two candlesticks that two sisters take with them from Russia to New York.
Woodruff, E. (1999). The Memory coat. Ill. by M. Dooling. New York:  Scholastic.
  • Two cousins work together to ensure they successfully navigate Ellis Island after a long journey from Russia. Like the Yaccarino family’s shovel, a coat becomes the important family treasure.
Yolen, J. (2008). Naming Liberty. Ill. by J. Burke. New York: Philomel.
  • Two narratives are revealed concurrently across the two-page spreads of this picture book: the construction of the Statue of Liberty and the experiences of one family as they immigrate to the United States from Russia.
Contemporary Immigration 
Bunting, E. (1988). How many days to America? A Thanksgiving story.  Ill. by Beth Peck. New York: Clarion.
  • A family faces many dangers as it immigrates to America from the Caribbean, arriving on Thanksgiving Day.
Figuerdo, D. (1999). When this world was new.  Ill. by E.O. Sanchez. New York: Lee and Low Books.
  • A young boy and his parents leave everything behind in the Caribbean to immigrate to America; on their first day in America, a surprise snow storm allows each of them to marvel at their new life.
Gunning, M. (2004). America, my new home. Ill. by K. Condon. Honesdale, PA: Boyd’s Mill Press.
  • A collection of poems that articulate the joys and sorrows of one young woman as she acclimates to life in the United States after leaving her home in Jamaica.
Mak, K. (2002). My Chinatown: A year in poems. New York: Harper Collins.
  • Four verse poems, each based on a different season, as well as glorious paintings, reveal a young boy’s experiences adjusting to life in New York’s contemporary Chinatown.
Simpson, L. (2011). Yuvi’s candy tree.  Ill. by G. Swaitkowska. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.
  • In this fictionalized account of the migration of Ethiopian Jews from Ethiopia to Israel in the 1980s and 1990s, Yuvi and her extended family confront dust storms and bandits on their journey to reconnect with her mother.
Mary Ann Cappiello About Mary Ann Cappiello

Mary Ann is a professor of language and literacy at Lesley University. A former public school language arts and humanities teacher, she is a passionate advocate for and commentator on children’s books. Mary Ann is the co-author of Teaching with Text Sets and Teaching to Complexity.